html{overflow-x:hidden!important}body,html{height:auto!important}html.i-amphtml-fie{height:100%!important;width:100%!important}body{margin:0!important;-webkit-text-size-adjust:100%;-moz-text-size-adjust:100%;-ms-text-size-adjust:100%;text-size-adjust:100%}[hidden]{display:none!important}html.i-amphtml-singledoc.i-amphtml-embedded{-ms-touch-action:pan-y;touch-action:pan-y}html.i-amphtml-fie>body,html.i-amphtml-singledoc>body{overflow:visible!important;position:relative!important}html.i-amphtml-webview>body{overflow-x:hidden!important;overflow-y:visible!important;min-height:100vh!important}html.i-amphtml-ios-embed-legacy>body{overflow-x:hidden!important;overflow-y:auto!important;position:absolute!important}html.i-amphtml-ios-embed{overflow-y:auto!important;position:static}#i-amphtml-wrapper{overflow-x:hidden!important;overflow-y:auto!important;position:absolute!important;top:0!important;left:0!important;right:0!important;bottom:0!important;margin:0!important;display:block!important}html.i-amphtml-ios-embed.i-amphtml-ios-overscroll,html.i-amphtml-ios-embed.i-amphtml-ios-overscroll>#i-amphtml-wrapper{-webkit-overflow-scrolling:touch!important}#i-amphtml-wrapper>body{position:relative!important;border-top:1px solid transparent!important}html.i-amphtml-ios-embed-sd{overflow:hidden!important;position:static!important}html.i-amphtml-ios-embed-sd>body,html.i-amphtml-singledoc.i-amphtml-ios-embed-sd>body{position:absolute!important;top:0!important;left:0!important;right:0!important;bottom:0!important;overflow:hidden!important}.i-amphtml-element{display:inline-block}.i-amphtml-blur{-webkit-filter:blur(20px)!important;filter:blur(20px)!important;-webkit-transform:scale(1.1)!important;transform:scale(1.1)!important;-webkit-transition:opacity 0.3s cubic-bezier(0.0,0.0,0.2,1)!important;transition:opacity 0.3s cubic-bezier(0.0,0.0,0.2,1)!important}[layout=nodisplay]:not(.i-amphtml-element){display:none!important}.i-amphtml-layout-fixed,[layout=fixed][width][height]:not(.i-amphtml-layout-fixed){display:inline-block;position:relative}.i-amphtml-layout-responsive,[layout=responsive][width][height]:not(.i-amphtml-layout-responsive),[width][height][sizes]:not(.i-amphtml-layout-responsive){display:block;position:relative}.i-amphtml-layout-intrinsic{display:inline-block;position:relative;max-width:100%}.i-amphtml-intrinsic-sizer{max-width:100%;display:block!important}.i-amphtml-layout-fixed-height,[layout=fixed-height][height]{display:block;position:relative}.i-amphtml-layout-container,[layout=container]{display:block;position:relative}.i-amphtml-layout-fill,[layout=fill]:not(.i-amphtml-layout-fill){display:block;overflow:hidden!important;position:absolute;top:0;left:0;bottom:0;right:0}.i-amphtml-layout-flex-item,[layout=flex-item]:not(.i-amphtml-layout-flex-item){display:block;position:relative;-webkit-box-flex:1;-ms-flex:1 1 auto;flex:1 1 auto}.i-amphtml-layout-fluid{position:relative}.i-amphtml-layout-size-defined{overflow:hidden!important}.i-amphtml-layout-awaiting-size{position:absolute!important;top:auto!important;bottom:auto!important}i-amphtml-sizer{display:block!important}.i-amphtml-blur,.i-amphtml-fill-content{display:block;height:0;max-height:100%;max-width:100%;min-height:100%;min-width:100%;width:0;margin:auto}.i-amphtml-layout-size-defined .i-amphtml-fill-content{position:absolute;top:0;left:0;bottom:0;right:0}.i-amphtml-layout-intrinsic .i-amphtml-sizer{max-width:100%}.i-amphtml-replaced-content,.i-amphtml-screen-reader{padding:0!important;border:none!important}.i-amphtml-screen-reader{position:fixed!important;top:0px!important;left:0px!important;width:4px!important;height:4px!important;opacity:0!important;overflow:hidden!important;margin:0!important;display:block!important;visibility:visible!important}.i-amphtml-screen-reader~.i-amphtml-screen-reader{left:8px!important}.i-amphtml-screen-reader~.i-amphtml-screen-reader~.i-amphtml-screen-reader{left:12px!important}.i-amphtml-screen-reader~.i-amphtml-screen-reader~.i-amphtml-screen-reader~.i-amphtml-screen-reader{left:16px!important}.i-amphtml-unresolved{position:relative;overflow:hidden!important}#i-amphtml-wrapper.i-amphtml-scroll-disabled,.i-amphtml-scroll-disabled{overflow-x:hidden!important;overflow-y:hidden!important}.i-amphtml-select-disabled{-webkit-user-select:none!important;-moz-user-select:none!important;-ms-user-select:none!important;user-select:none!important}.i-amphtml-notbuilt,[layout]:not(.i-amphtml-element){position:relative;overflow:hidden!important;color:transparent!important}.i-amphtml-notbuilt:not(.i-amphtml-layout-container)>*,[layout]:not([layout=container]):not(.i-amphtml-element)>*{display:none}.i-amphtml-ghost{visibility:hidden!important}.i-amphtml-element>[placeholder],[layout]:not(.i-amphtml-element)>[placeholder]{display:block}.i-amphtml-element>[placeholder].amp-hidden,.i-amphtml-element>[placeholder].hidden{visibility:hidden}.i-amphtml-element:not(.amp-notsupported)>[fallback]{display:none}.i-amphtml-layout-size-defined>[fallback],.i-amphtml-layout-size-defined>[placeholder]{position:absolute!important;top:0!important;left:0!important;right:0!important;bottom:0!important;z-index:1}.i-amphtml-notbuilt>[placeholder]{display:block!important}.i-amphtml-hidden-by-media-query{display:none!important}.i-amphtml-element-error{background:red!important;color:#fff!important;position:relative!important}.i-amphtml-element-error:before{content:attr(error-message)}i-amp-scroll-container,i-amphtml-scroll-container{position:absolute;top:0;left:0;right:0;bottom:0;display:block}i-amp-scroll-container.amp-active,i-amphtml-scroll-container.amp-active{overflow:auto;-webkit-overflow-scrolling:touch}.i-amphtml-loading-container{display:block!important;z-index:1}.i-amphtml-notbuilt>.i-amphtml-loading-container{display:block!important}.i-amphtml-loading-container.amp-hidden{visibility:hidden}.i-amphtml-loader-line{position:absolute;top:0;left:0;right:0;height:1px;overflow:hidden!important;background-color:hsla(0,0%,59.2%,0.2);display:block}.i-amphtml-loader-moving-line{display:block;position:absolute;width:100%;height:100%!important;background-color:hsla(0,0%,59.2%,0.65);z-index:2}@-webkit-keyframes i-amphtml-loader-line-moving{0%{-webkit-transform:translateX(-100%);transform:translateX(-100%)}to{-webkit-transform:translateX(100%);transform:translateX(100%)}}@keyframes i-amphtml-loader-line-moving{0%{-webkit-transform:translateX(-100%);transform:translateX(-100%)}to{-webkit-transform:translateX(100%);transform:translateX(100%)}}.i-amphtml-loader-line.amp-active .i-amphtml-loader-moving-line{-webkit-animation:i-amphtml-loader-line-moving 4s ease infinite;animation:i-amphtml-loader-line-moving 4s ease infinite}.i-amphtml-loader{position:absolute;display:block;height:10px;top:50%;left:50%;-webkit-transform:translateX(-50%) translateY(-50%);transform:translateX(-50%) translateY(-50%);-webkit-transform-origin:50% 50%;transform-origin:50% 50%;white-space:nowrap}.i-amphtml-loader.amp-active .i-amphtml-loader-dot{-webkit-animation:i-amphtml-loader-dots 2s infinite;animation:i-amphtml-loader-dots 2s infinite}.i-amphtml-loader-dot{position:relative;display:inline-block;height:10px;width:10px;margin:2px;border-radius:100%;background-color:rgba(0,0,0,0.3);box-shadow:2px 2px 2px 1px rgba(0,0,0,0.2);will-change:transform}.i-amphtml-loader .i-amphtml-loader-dot:first-child{-webkit-animation-delay:0s;animation-delay:0s}.i-amphtml-loader .i-amphtml-loader-dot:nth-child(2){-webkit-animation-delay:.1s;animation-delay:.1s}.i-amphtml-loader .i-amphtml-loader-dot:nth-child(3){-webkit-animation-delay:.2s;animation-delay:.2s}@-webkit-keyframes i-amphtml-loader-dots{0%,to{-webkit-transform:scale(.7);transform:scale(.7);background-color:rgba(0,0,0,0.3)}50%{-webkit-transform:scale(.8);transform:scale(.8);background-color:rgba(0,0,0,0.5)}}@keyframes i-amphtml-loader-dots{0%,to{-webkit-transform:scale(.7);transform:scale(.7);background-color:rgba(0,0,0,0.3)}50%{-webkit-transform:scale(.8);transform:scale(.8);background-color:rgba(0,0,0,0.5)}}.i-amphtml-element>[overflow]{cursor:pointer;position:relative;z-index:2;visibility:hidden}.i-amphtml-element>[overflow].amp-visible{visibility:visible}template{display:none!important}.amp-border-box,.amp-border-box *,.amp-border-box :after,.amp-border-box :before{box-sizing:border-box}amp-pixel{display:none!important}amp-instagram{padding:64px 0px 0px!important;background-color:#fff}amp-analytics,amp-story-auto-ads{position:fixed!important;top:0!important;width:1px!important;height:1px!important;overflow:hidden!important;visibility:hidden}amp-iframe iframe{box-sizing:border-box!important}[amp-access][amp-access-hide]{display:none}[subscriptions-dialog],body:not(.i-amphtml-subs-ready) [subscriptions-action],body:not(.i-amphtml-subs-ready) [subscriptions-section]{display:none!important}form [submit-error],form [submit-success],form [submitting]{display:none}[visible-when-invalid]{display:none}amp-live-list>[update]{display:none}amp-experiment,amp-share-tracking{display:none}.i-amphtml-jank-meter{position:fixed;background-color:rgba(232,72,95,0.5);bottom:0;right:0;color:#fff;font-size:16px;z-index:1000;padding:5px}amp-accordion{display:block!important}amp-accordion>section{float:none!important}amp-accordion>section>*{float:none!important;display:block!important;overflow:hidden!important;position:relative!important}.i-amphtml-accordion-content,.i-amphtml-accordion-header,amp-accordion,amp-accordion>section{margin:0}.i-amphtml-accordion-header{cursor:pointer;background-color:#efefef;padding-right:20px;border:1px solid #dfdfdf}amp-accordion>section>:last-child{display:none!important}amp-accordion>section[expanded]>:last-child{display:block!important}amp-story-page,amp-story[standalone]{display:block!important;height:100%!important;margin:0!important;padding:0!important;overflow:hidden!important;width:100%!important}amp-story[standalone]{background-color:#fff!important;position:relative!important}amp-story-page{background-color:#757575}amp-story .i-amphtml-loader{display:none!important}[amp-fx^=fly-in]{visibility:hidden} /*# sourceURL=/css/amp.css*/Robert Fisk | The Independent

Robert Fisk

Middle East Correspondent

@indyvoices
Robert Fisk is The Independent’s multi-award-winning Middle East correspondent, based in Beirut. He has lived in the Arab world for more than 40 years, covering the war in Syria and Lebanon, five Israeli invasions, the Iran-Iraq war, the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, the Algerian civil war, Saddam Hussein’s invasion of Kuwait, the Bosnian and Kosovo wars, the American invasion and occupation of Iraq and the 2011 Arab revolutions.

What a forgotten shipwreck in Ireland can teach us about Brexit

An independent Ireland which deliberately erased its First World War history after its brutal war for freedom has only in recent decades felt able to acknowledge its people’s sacrifice in British uniform

Advertisement

When the battle for Idlib is over, what next?

The Syrian army was trained to fight in hills – for the final battle for Israeli-occupied Golan, rather than the final battle for Nusrah-held Idlib. Golan is presumably still to come

Lebanon is balancing a tightrope – and its position is precarious

If Lebanon needs Syria more than Syria needs Lebanon, I suppose that Lebanon needs America more than America needs Lebanon. Either way, the country’s neutrality still protects it from itself

Advertisement

Advertisement

Advertisement

Advertisement